The HPI was developed in the 1980s in the context of socio-analytic theory. Within this model, getting along with and getting ahead of others are seen as the dominant themes in social life. The HPI captures key behavioral tendencies relevant to these life themes and are based on the five-factor model of personality.

The Hogan Personality Inventory is comprised of seven primary scales, six occupational scales, and 42 subscales.


Scale NameLow scorers tend to beHigh scorers tend to be

Adjustment

Open to feedback
Candid and honest
Moody and self-critical

Calm
Steady under pressure
Resistant to feedback

Ambition

Good team players
Willing to let others lead
Complacent

Energetic
Competitive
Restless and forceful

Sociability

Good at working alone
Quiet
Socially reactive

Outgoing
Talkative
Attention-seeking

Interpersonal Sensitivity

Direct and frank
Willing to confront others
Cold and tough

Friendly
Warm
Conflict averse

Prudence

Flexible
Open-minded
Impulsive

Organized
Dependable
Inflexible

Inquisitive

Practical
Not easily bored
Uninventive

Imaginative
Quick-witted
Poor implementers

Learning Approach

Hands-on learners
Focused on their interests
Technology averse

Interested in learning
Insightful
Intolerant of the less informed

Occupational Scales

Service Orientation: attentiveness and courteousness toward customers

Stress Tolerance: composure, calm under pressure

Reliability: honesty, positive organizational citizenship

Clerical Potential: self-discipline, meticulousness, and the ability to communicate clearly

Sales Potential: energy, social skills, and the ability to solve problems for customers

Managerial Potential: leadership ability, planning, and decision-making skills