Why Do Personality Tests Fail at Selection?

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A newly released book on the history of the Myers-Briggs Type Indicator (MBTI) has made waves for a round of press questioning the use of personality assessment for HR purposes. Time and again, these critiques tend to fall into one of three broad themes: The tests are biased and discriminatory, they aren’t relevant for the job, or they simply fail to predict performance. However, the questions raised by all these articles seem to make one common error: It’s difficult to distinguish scientifically proven, reliable tools from those that are poor quality.

Contrary to this recent round of press, high-quality personality assessments do actually predict performance, and much better than traditional recruitment methods such as resumés, interviews, and even cognitive assessments. Personality quizzes and other psychometric tests are quite trendy at the moment, so inexpensive options are everywhere. Unfortunately, you also get what you pay for.

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Unconscious Bias, Real-World Impact

*This is a guest blog post authored by Melvyn Payne, Commercial Director of Advanced People Strategies.

I was recently asked to support a successful senior leader – Chris – with some personal development insights from a recent 360 and set of Hogan Assessment results. Chris works in a fast-paced retail environment and has very high expectations for business success.

Having quickly achieved senior roles at a younger age than most colleagues, Chris finds it hard to understand why the broader management team and staff do not seem to respond to stretching targets. Very concerned about the potential negative impact on results, Chris recently ruled out an idea that emerged from a staff survey suggesting people who achieve their targets should be able to take time off as an incentive, rather than take a bonus.

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How Hogan’s Personality Assessments Improve Workplace Safety

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Each year, accidents and work-related illnesses cost billions of euros in needless business expenses. In 2017, Europe lost more than €476 billion – an amazing 3.3 % of the European Union GDP. That figure can be reduced with better occupational safety and health strategies, policies, and practices.  

The easiest way for companies to reduce these costs is to assess and predict potential candidates’ likely workplace safety behavior during the recruitment process. In traditional job interviews, candidates present the best versions of themselves, and this may not accurately portray their day-to-day behavior. In safety conscious industries—e.g., oil and gas, construction and medicine—being able to evaluate and predict a candidate’s safety behavior is crucial.

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Empower Leaders Consulting Hosts Successful Hogan China Event

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On Friday, March 22, Empower Leaders Consulting (ELC), one of Hogan’s China distributors, hosted a half-day Hogan event in Shanghai for its clients and their Hogan certified network. Nancy Zhang, founder and CEO of ELC, invited Hogan representative Krista Pederson to announce ELC’s official launch of the updated Hogan Assessment Certification Workshop and Advanced Certification Workshops in China.

ELC also invited two important clients, Dowell Real Estate Group and Faurecia Services Group, to share case studies on their Hogan use. Huang Xue, Director of HR Talent Development and Head of Culture at Dowell shared how Hogan has transformed Dowell company culture and become a crucial part of the entire employee lifecycle, from external and internal selection to high potential and leadership development. Wei Wei, Director of HR for greater China at Faurecia, explained how they have used Hogan for over a decade and how it has helped them address various talent needs during different cycles in the market.

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RECAP: Mentis Hosts 2019 Hogan Summit in Dubai

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On February 24 in Dubai, more than 70 CEOs, HR managers, executive coaches, and talent management professionals attended the 2019 Hogan Summit, hosted by Mentis, an authorized Hogan distributor since 2003 with operations in the UK, UAE, and Thailand.

The theme of the event was “Identifying and Developing Your Talent Network,” and featured presentations by Andrew Salisbury, CEO of Mentis; Alia Al Serkal, Vice President of People Learning and Growth at Du; Delel Chaabouni, IT Senior Director at PepsiCo AMENA; and Marcus Gee, Consultant at Mentis.

Representing Hogan at the event was Hogan Chairman & President, Dr. Robert Hogan, who spoke about leadership and humility, and Hogan Managing Partner, Ryan Ross, who spoke about employability.

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Hogan at SIOP 2019

Hogan at SIOP 2019

I-O experts from Hogan’s Research and Consulting divisions will showcase advances in personality research during an impressive 19 sessions, symposia, panel discussions, practice forums, and poster sessions at the 34th Annual SIOP Conference in Washington DC, April 4-6. Visit us at booth #303. #hoganatsiop

Thursday, April 4

12:00pm

Understanding Curvilinear Relationships in Selection Research and Practice

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Understanding how individual characteristics influence various organizational outcomes, particularly in curvilinear fashion, is crucial for selection research and practice. Five studies are presented that utilize a variety of methods to demonstrate curvilinear relationships between individual characteristics and organizational outcomes. Findings are discussed in a scientist–practitioner framework.

Kimberly Nei, Michael Tapia, Matt Lemming, Karen Fuhrmeister

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Hogan Visits Singapore

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The Hogan team including Dr. Robert Hogan, Ryan Ross, Wendy Howell, and Krista Pederson joined Hogan distributor Optimal Consulting in Singapore last week for two days of events.  On February 28, Hogan and Optimal cosponsored the HR Tech Conference in Singapore which covered topics related to digital technology, AI, and maintaining a future outlook for the HR Industry in Asia. As the keynote to the conference, Dr. Hogan spoke on Personality and the Fate of Organizations and presented an elite invite-only session on Identifying the Future-Oriented High Potential. Ryan Ross led a panel about Skilling Your Workforce from 3.0 to 4.0, and Krista and the Optimal team held further discussions about Hogan at the Hogan Optimal booth.

Following up with the topic of Technology and the HR field in Asia, Dr. Hogan presented on Digital Leadership at an exclusive event held by Optimal on March 1. He discussed about how the characteristics for good leaders including Integrity, Competence, Judgment, and Vision, do not change based on technology. He maintained that these characteristics are essential for growing and maintaining high performing teams. He warned, however, that if leaders do not pay attention and adapt to new technology, these leaders will quickly fall by the way side.

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The Unforeseen and Unintended Consequences of Bans on Personality Testing

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On February 13th, the Nevada assembly heard a proposal for a new bill, Nevada AB132. The bill itself is only 2.5 pages long and is pretty easy to read, but effectively has two parts:

  1. Making it unlawful to deny employment on the basis of a marijuana screening test
  2. Making it unlawful to condition employment on the completion, or results, of a personality test

The first part of the bill concerning pre-hiring marijuana testing has received a fair amount of local news coverage, and is outside of my areas of expertise. However, I will say it does seem odd that one can be excluded from a job for testing positive for a drug that is recreationally legal in the state. If an alcohol test could determine if you drank alcohol at any time over the past, say 30 days, should people of legal age to consume alcohol be excluded from jobs on the basis of that test result?

The second part has received far less attention, but is nonetheless disturbing. The key part of the bill reads:

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Don’t Miss Early-Bird Registration for RELEVANT´s “JAM SESSION” in Frankfurt

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Time is running out to register for RELEVANT´s JAM SESSION in Frankfurt, Germany, at a discounted price of EUR 79 plus VAT. The early-bird registration is open until February 28, with the price increasing to EUR 99 plus VAT on March 1.

The event, hosted by RELEVANT Managementberatung, an authorized Hogan Assessments distributor from Germany, will be held on July 4 and will also feature presentations by corporate and consulting experts. Moreover, they will welcome Dr. Robert Hogan as well as Hogan CEO, Dr. Scott Gregory, as special guests who will also be on stage.

RELEVANT’s interactive session, “New Leadership? Authentic in Turbulent Times,” provides the opportunity for all RELEVANT customers, partners, and friends to come together, learn from case studies, and discuss how leadership in times of continued transformation might change, how it affects managers, and how managers can be supported addressing turbulent times in a way that is true to their personality.

Space is limited, so register here today

Personality Assessment and Performance Management

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*This article was authored by Hogan Chief Science Officer Ryne Sherman, and was originally published by Training Industry on December 10, 2018.

A critical task for leaders is to ensure that their followers are working efficiently toward the organization’s goals. In business, employees whose work is aligned with the organization’s objectives are more productive. So-called “performance management processes” are intended to create alignment between the employee’s work and the organization’s goals. A typical performance management process might include planning and setting goals, monitoring progress toward those goals, development and improvement, and periodic performance appraisals (or reviews). These performance management processes could be substantially improved by the use of personality assessments.

Personality is related to every meaningful individual difference. Scientifically validated personality assessments can predict substance use and abuse, longevity, relationship satisfaction, job performance, criminality, and occupational choice, just to list a few examples. Beyond these applications, well-validated personality assessments provide individuals with insights into their own motives, reputations and destructive behaviors, many of which they may not be aware. Employees can use such strategic self-awareness to modify their behaviors at work to be more in line with the expectations of management. Consider the following (real) example.

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