Hogan supported the dissertation research of Wayne Sass, under the supervision of Dr. Bruce Winston, as he sought to address the problem of failing leaders. Wayne used the Hogan Development Survey (HDS) to better understand the role of learner autonomy in avoiding leader derailment. The relationship found between the HDS Reserved scale and a Learner Autonomy scale indicates that leaders possessing higher levels of learner autonomy may be better equipped to overcome any tendencies toward reserved behavior. Practitioners with the goal of reducing reserved behaviors in leaders may focus intervention plans on enhancing learner autonomy to reduce leader derailment. Dr. Wayne Sass is currently the Vice President of Information Technology and Chief Information Officer at Monarch HealthCare.